Education is Understanding
Autism education and research is constantly expanding. With so much information at your fingertips it can be either helpful or intimidating. Below you’ll find the most up-to-date and relevant resources exploring the basics of Autism, Applied Behavior Analysis, and Funding concerns.
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.
- Diagnostic Criteria: The CDC has listed the new diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder here as defined by The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).
Autism Red Flags in Toddlers
Red flags, as shown below indicate that a child should be evaluated by a professional.
Impairment in Social Interaction:
- Lack of appropriate eye gaze
- Lack of warm, joyful expressions
- Lack of sharing interest or enjoyment
- Lack of response to name
Impairment in Communication:
- Lack of showing gestures
- Lack of coordination of nonverbal communication
- Unusual prosody (little variation in pitch, odd intonation, irregular rhythm,unusual voice quality)
Repetitive Behaviors & Restricted Interests:
- Repetitive movements with objects
- Repetitive movements or posturing of body, arms, hands, or fingers
Wetherby, A., Woods, J., Allen, L., Cleary, J., Dickinson, H., & Lord, C. (2004). Early indicators of autism spectrum disorders in the second year of life. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 473-493. Based on research at the Florida State University FIRST WORDS® Project.
If you have concerns about your child, you may contact your pediatrician or consider an outside evaluation or assessment.
- The Yale Child Study Center has a Toddler Developmental Disabilities Clinic and a Developmental Disabilities Clinic (for children 3 and over) that can evaluate and assist families in understanding concerns. Please contact Evelyn Pomichter at (203) 764-5933 for intake or questions.
- The Yale Child Study Center also conducts studies in the field of autism. They are currently recruiting for infants under the age of 6 months and for toddlers from 12-24 months who may or may not show signs of developmental delays. There are many benefits to participation that include guidance and recommendations for early intervention if there is a concern. Please contact Evelyn Pomichter at (203) 764-5933 for questions or to participate.
Learning that your child has Autism can feel overwhelming. Autism Speaks has created a kit to assist families in getting the critical information they need in the first 100 days after a diagnosis. Click here for your free kit.
About Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
What is it?
The Center for Autism and Related Disorders defines Behavior Analysis as the scientific study of behavior. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the application of the principles of learning and motivation from Behavior Analysis, and the procedures and technology derived from those principles, to the solution of problems of social significance. Many decades of research have validated treatments based on ABA.
Over the past 40 years, several thousand published research studies have documented the effectiveness of ABA. Autism Speaks has more information and has compiled research on the effectiveness of ABA here.
Grants and Funding
Prism maintains a list of resources for funding assistance. Please call (860)495-0126 for more information.
Confidentiality and HIPAA
Prism will maintain the confidentiality of “protected health information” (“PHI” as defined by HIPAA below) and other information that is deemed to be confidential by other laws. This information may include, but is not limited to, information on patients, employees, families, and financial and business operations. Such information is made confidential by law (such as PHI under HIPAA) or by Prism’s policies. Confidential information may be information in any form: e.g., written, electronic, oral, overheard, or observed. Access to all information is granted on a “need to know” basis. A “need to know” basis is defined as information that is required in order to do your job. During your daily work, you may be exposed to information that is considered strictly confidential–this includes, but is not limited to, patient/family names and specific details pertaining to each family, case information, etc. This information should not be discussed with anybody, except as necessary to do your job, including: other patients, co-workers, other families, your family, and friends. You must be alert to others overhearing your professional discussions regarding a patient’s condition or an employee’s behavior/performance. Disclosure of confidential information is grounds for disciplinary action up to and including termination.
Where applicable, as part of confidentiality and safety of our patients’ data, employees may never share sign-on information for data programs with anyone or write it anywhere it may be discovered and used.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, as supplemented by the HITECH Act of 2009 (collectively, HIPAA) are federal laws that apply to health plans, health care providers, and health care clearinghouses. The HIPAA legislation is complex and has many components. The three areas of legislation that are the major focus for Prism include:
- Privacy – provides rules in regard to how an individual’s health information may be used and disclosed.
- Transaction and Code Sets – requires the use of standard transaction formats and code sets when an individual’s financial health information is transmitted electronically.
- Security – requires specific security measures to be in place to protect an individual’s health information that is sent or stored electronically. Prism provides all employees HIPAA training. Some employees, depending on their job duties, will require additional training. Please check with your supervisor to determine if you require additional training. Violations of HIPAA are extremely serious and may result in disciplinary action up to and including termination.